Let us consider idea #182 and add some complications. Let's posit that the language further has some verbs where the subject has exceptional prepositions.
Thus, all the following pairs of structures signify the same subjects and objects, i.e. NOUN2 is an object in all of them, NOUN1 a subject. The
/ bit only serves to remind the reader of this, and is not a marker that is present.
hits subj.prep. NOUN1
has at NOUN1
sees for NOUN1