For a number of verbs, there are suppletive roots depending on the person and number of the recipient. The number of the recipient for third person is absent, but may be marked by a reduced form of the pronouns. Some person distinctions not present in the pronominal system are present in these verbal suppletions, and vice versa, however, making their use rather complicated.
give temporary control over
give ownership of land or housing
I sg masət- I pl madot- II sg kep'är- II pl yüvür- III mezme- III refl. poss. melezm- III indef/neg/atelic melige- III refl čehme-
give ownership over other property
I sg nocotr- I pl nodot- II sg nop'ar- II pl tüvür- III naɣma- III refl. poss. naɣazm- III indef/neg/atelic naruga- III refl (d)ɣaɣma-
bestow a title upon
I sg p'əsıɣ- I pl p'ədıɣ- II sg vap'ıl- II pl töp'ül- III p'aɣp'ə- III refl. poss. p'aɣasp'- III indef/neg/atelic p'aruga- III refl (d)ɣaɣma-
give someone authority as chieftain over
I sg ɣosat- I pl ɣodot- II sg vabal- II pl yöbül- III k'öɣbö- III refl. poss. k'öɣözb- III indef/neg/atelic k'öɣ- III refl N/A
give religious authority over
I sg söčösäm- I pl söčödäm- II sg öčövör- II pl süčüvör- III kamməh- III refl. poss. kammazm- III indef/neg/atelic kazm- III refl N/A
give someone a blessing*
I sg södösü- I pl södödü- II sg ödövör- II pl südüvör- III tarəh- III refl. poss. tarazm- III indef/neg/atelic N/A III refl N/A
I sg dise- I pl didiev- II sg devm- II pl deir- III dihni- III refl. poss. dinihni- III indef/neg/atelic dinizm- III refl N/A* there are a number of nouns corresponding to different types of blessingsgive an order
obtain someone as a godparent**
I sg p'aru- I pl k'alu- II sg sarvo- II pl yarvo- III xusu- III refl. poss. xuzm- III indef/neg/atelic xugu- III refl xuɣmu-
I sg lavır- I pl ɣavır- II sg kavir- II pl ɣövür- III ɣävär- III refl. poss. ɣäzm- III indef/neg/atelic ɣägü- III refl ɣäɣmü-** there are a number of nouns corresponding to different kinds of godparents; the subjects and objects can either be the parents of the child or the child itself
Syntactically, most of these are ergative verbs - the thing that is bestowed or given to the embedded recipient, thus:
I was given temporary control over a herd
ehi p'orga masə(t)-z
he herd I_was_given_temporary_control-direct
he gave me temporary control over a/his herd
The reflexive possessive third person means a third person was given control over something that previously was also his or her or theirs in some other sense. A pronoun in the dative can serve to disambiguate number for the recipient.
The indefinite/negative/atelic is used when the action in the third person is not telic, not reflexive, not reflexive-possessive, and not telic, i.e. transferring the property was interrupted or failed or was just underway. The reflexive sometimes is used to imply taking something unjustifiedly, and can sometimes have recipients of other persons given as explicit dative pronouns.
There are obvious almost-regularities in here, but also some pretty wild variations; historically, these seem to originate with roots under various stages of contamination with other synonymous roots with incorporated pronouns.